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Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය
இலங்கை சனநாயக சோசலிசக் குடியரசு

Facts & Figures
Official name Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Government type: Republic
Location Latitude 5° 55. to 9° 50. north, longitude 79° 42. to 81° 52., 650km north of the equator
Dimensions 430km north to south, 225km east to west
Coastline 1,340km
Currency Sri Lankan rupee (LKR)
Independence 4 February 1948
Administrative capital Sri Jayewardenepura
Commercial capital Colombo
Attraction Places Listed 250 Tourist Attraction Places
Other Places Listed 250 Other Places
Accommodation Listed 250 Accommodations
Administrative divisions 9 provinces; Central, North Central, North Eastern, North Western, Sabaragamuwa, Southern, Uva, Western, Eastern Province
Climate Typically tropical, with a northeast monsoon (December to March) bringing unsettled weather to the north and east, and a southwest monsoon (June to October) bringing bad weather to the south and west
Terrain Mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior
Highest mountain Pidurutalagala, 2,524m
Highest waterfall Bambarakanda, 263m
National Flower The Blue Water Lily (Nymphaea stellata)
National parks and nature reserves area 8,
Population 21,128,773
Population growth rate 1.3%
Population Density 309 people per sq Km
Life Expectancy at Birth 74 Female, 64 Male
Literacy rate Female 87.9 Male 92.5
Ethnic groups Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10%
Languages Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
Note English (a link language commonly) is used in government and spoken competently by about 10% of the population
Religion Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10%
Time zone Sri Lanka Standard Time is five and a half hours ahead of GMT. (Allowance should be made for summer-time changes in Europe.)
International dialing +94 or 0094
Electricity 230 . 240 volts, 50 cycles AC. If you travel with a laptop computer bring a stabilizer
Economy Sri Lanka's most dynamic sectors are food processing, textiles and apparel, food and beverages, port construction, telecommunications, and insurance and banking. In 2006, plantation crops made up only 15% of exports (90% in 1970), while textiles and garments accounted for more than 60%. About 800,000 Sri Lankans work abroad, 90% of them in the Middle East. They send home more than US$1 billion a year